Essay On Weather In Pakistan Rahim

Rawalpindi is the 4th largest city of Pakistan. It is in Punjab province and located in Pothohar region of Pakistan. Rawalpindi is in the northernmost part of the Punjab province, 275 km (171 mi) to the north-west of Lahore. Rawalpindi is also known as Pindi. Pindi is also known as twin cities along with capital Islamabad. In the 1950s, the city’s economy received a boost during the building of Islamabad (1959–1969) during which time Rawalpindi served as the national capital and its population increased from 180,000 at the time of independence. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi district. The total area of the city is approximately 108.8 square kilometers (42.0 sq. mi). The City-District of Rawalpindi comprises seven autonomous tehsils. Rawalpindi is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed forces.

 

Inhabitants of Rawalpindi District speak a great variety of Punjabi includes Pothohari, Majhi, Pahari, shahpuri, Dhani and Kashmiri. Although Urdu is also the mother tongue of few people but Urdu being a national language is spoken and understood by sizeable population. English is also known and spoken by many people of Rawalpindi. Pashto is also spoken of migrants.

 

As far as the history of Rawalpindi is concern, Rawalpindi has been from thousands of years, it is believed that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far in c1000BC. The nearby town Taxila has Guinness Book of World Record for its world oldest civilization and university. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Rawalpindi. In the succeeding years, Rawalpindi saw an influx of Muhajir, Pashtun and Kashmiri settlers. In late 50’s the city became the interim capital of the country after creation of a new planned capital of Islamabad in the vicinity of Rawalpindi which results most major central government offices and institutions relocate to nearby territory, and its population increases due to migrants from different part of country.

 

Rawalpindi has a big history in terms of assassinations. At first in 1951, Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan in Company Bagh which later turns its name as Liaquat Bagh Park. Then in late 70’s Prime Minister Zulifiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged in Rawalpindi jail. In 2007, Liaquat Bagh Park’s gate in Rawalpindi was also the site of the assassination of Benazir Bhutto.

 

The city has two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road and is known as The Mall as it passes through the cantonment, Murree Road breaks north from The Mall,  its way to Islamabad. Murree road which has been has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Others roads are Said Purr Road, Liaqat road, Kashmir road, Bank road, Civil Line road, Jamia Masjid road, Sarfraz Road, College Road, Rawal Road, Band khana road, Iqbal road, circular road, Haider road, 4-7th roads etc. Liaquat Memorial Hall was constructed in memorization of late Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan. It features a huge auditorium and library. Art shows, public shows and stage Dramas are performed right here frequently. Garden Rawalpindi well-laid garden with sports facilities and children’s park has been developed near the community hall in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi has its significance in terms of its forces headquarters. It has headquarters of the Pakistan Army, Pakistan Air force and also has an active airbase in chakala cantt of Rawalpindi.

 

The bazaars of the old city offer exciting bargains. You can leisurely browse in the quaint old shops in sadder bazaar, Moti bazaar, Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar while Sarafa bazaar is famous for beaten gold and silver jewelry, brass and copper-ware. Numerous shopping bazaars, parks and a cosmopolitan population attract shoppers from all over Pakistan and abroad. Rawalpindi Population is combination of people having different background. The crowded alleys of the old city are home to many attractions, including Hindu, Sikh temple’s and Mosques. Art council of is also located near Rawalpindi cricket stadium.  People of Pakistan came here from all over the Pakistan and settled here for a long period of time. Local people of Rawalpindi known as Pothwari people. The city is home to several industries and factories. Rawalpindi city has its own culture specially after developing into a large city, Rawalpindi has International Airport, and Railway station International sports ground, good hotels, restaurants, clubs, museums and parks. Rawalpindi forms the base camp for the tourists visiting the holiday resorts and hill station of galiyat area such as murree, nathia gali, kotli, Muzafarabad, Bagh, Abbottabad, Swat, Kaghan, gilgit, hunza, skardo and chitral.

 

Rawalpindi has many old and new hospitals, universities and parks which made the city more important in terms of health from other cities. People came here from different cities for better facilities of their treatments. It has separate hospitals of heart and lungs which make the city more superior. Rawalpindi has the highest literacy rate in Pakistan which shows that the city has better education environment than other cities.  Rawalpindi has both public and private educational institutions. Most educational institutions are gender-based, from primary to university level. The major institutes of Rawalpindi are Arid agricultural university, Fatima jinah women university, Army medical and Rawalpindi medical colleges, University of Eng. and technology etc.

 

Rawalpindi has many good hotels, restaurants, clubs, museums and parks. It has many important places for foods which show the true heritage of Punjab which is famous for its dishes. The main places are food street, kartar pura, banni chowk and sadder. Along with the food streets there are many parks here in Rawalpindi which enhances the beauty of city including the Ayub National Park, Liaquat Bagh, Nawaz Sharif Park, Jinnah Park, Rumi Park, 502 Park, triangular Park and Children Park.

 

Rawalpindi has borne many famous international players in different sports which include the world fastest bowler in history of cricket Shoaib Akhter, one of the best hockey forward Shakeel Abbasi and other players which represented the national teams on international circuit. The city have many sports venues includes Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium, KRL Cricket Stadium, Army Hockey Stadium, Army Football Stadium, Municipal Football Stadium, Jinnah Park.

 

Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. The weather is highly variable due to its location. Rawalpindi faces very moderate type of climate having long and hot summers, short and wet winters. In Monsoons and spring season people of Rawalpindi enjoy the weather of this city. Few years before people of Rawalpindi faces a better weather but now due to cutting of trees and establishment of industries and new housing society the numbers of trees and greenery almost vanish from a large area.therfore a big difference happen in weather of  Rawalpindi.

Pakistan lies in the temperate zone. The climate is generally arid, characterized by hot summers and cool or cold winters, and wide variations between extremes of temperature at given locations. There is little rainfall. These generalizations should not, however, obscure the distinct differences existing among particular locations. For example, the coastal area along the Arabian Sea is usually warm, whereas the frozen snow-covered ridges of the Karakoram Range and of other mountains of the far north are so cold year round that they are only accessible by world-class climbers for a few weeks in May and June of each year.

Pakistan has are four seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location.

The climate in the capital city of Islamabad varies from an average daily low of 2° C in January to an average daily high of 40° C in June. Half of the annual rainfall occurs in July and August, averaging about 255 millimeters in each of those two months. The remainder of the year has significantly less rain, amounting to about fifty millimeters per month. Hailstorms are common in the spring.

Pakistan's largest city, Karachi, which is also the country's industrial center, is more humid than Islamabad but gets less rain. Only July and August average more than twenty-five millimeters of rain in the Karachi area; the remaining months are exceedingly dry. The temperature is also more uniform in Karachi than in Islamabad, ranging from an average daily low of 13° C during winter evenings to an average daily high of 34° C on summer days. Although the summer temperatures do not get as high as those in Punjab, the high humidity causes the residents a great deal of discomfort.

Most areas in Punjab experience fairly cool winters, often accompanied by rain. Woolen shawls are worn by women and men for warmth because few homes are heated. By mid-February the temperature begins to rise; springtime weather continues until mid-April, when the summer heat sets in. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s the weather pattern has been irregular. The spring monsoon has either skipped over the area or has caused it to rain so hard that floods have resulted. June and July are oppressively hot. Although official estimates rarely place the temperature above 46° C, newspaper sources claim that it reaches 51° C and regularly carry reports about people who have succumbed to the heat. Heat records were broken in Multan in June 1993, when the mercury was reported to have risen to 54° C. In August the oppressive heat is punctuated by the rainy season, referred to as barsat, which brings relief in its wake. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October.

Average temperatures of some popular destinations:

DESTINATIONS

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

ABBOTTABAD

07

12

18

23

28

32

30

28

28

25

20

14

ASTOR

-8

-5 

7

12 

 18 

 22 

26 

 28 

20 

13 

9

-5 

ATTOCK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AYUBIA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAGROT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAHAWALPUR

18

20

24

28

30

34

36

35

31

29

20

11

BALTISTAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BALUCHISTAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BESHAM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BHURBAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHILAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHITRAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHOLISTAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DASSU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEOSAI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DRAWAR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FAISALABAD

18

21

26

33

37

40

36

35

33

30

25

19

GILGIT

8

11

15

21

25

29

33

33

29

24

16

9

GULMIT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GWADAR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HARAPPA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HUNZA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HYDERABAD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISLAMABAD

15

18

23

30

36

37

36

33

33

30

26

18

JHELUM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KAGHAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KALAM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KALASH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KARACHI

24

25

27

30

33

33

32

30

30

32

30

25

KASHMIR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KHAIRPUR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KHAPLU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KHEWRA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KHUNJERAB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KHYBER PASS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

KKH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LAHORE 

18

20

24

30

33

37

38

35

35

32

25

20

MOENJO DARO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULTAN

20

22

27

35

40

41

39

36

34

32

27

20

MURREE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MUZAFARABAD

13

15

18

23

26

29

28

27

27

25

20

15

NAGAR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NARAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NATHIAGALI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PASSU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PESHAWAR

18

20

23

28

34

34

35

32

30

29

25

18

QUETTA

10

12

17

22

28

32

32

33

29

24

18

13

RAWALPINDI

15

17

22

28

35

35

36

33

30

30

23

18

ROHTAS FORT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SHANDUR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SKARDU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SOST

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SUKKAR

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SWAT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TAXILA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TARBELA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THAKT E BAI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THAR DESERT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

THATTA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TILLA JOGIAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UCH

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ZIARAT

 

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