Essay No. 01
Our President Shri Abul Pakir Jainulabddin Kalam
In the Pilgrimage town of Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu, Shri A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on Oct. 15, 1931 in a middle class Tamil Family. He received his primary education in a local school. His father was not a formally educated man. But he could read and write English. His mother was a kind and generous lady. His parents inspired him to achieve his highest aim of life, Moreover he was also influenced by Shri Lakshman shastri, the head priest of Rameshwaram temple and Shri Shiv Subramanya Aiyer, his science teacher.
After finishing his primary education he was sent to Schwartz school for further studies. After finishing his school education he was sent to St. Joseph’s College at Trichirapalli for higher education.
He passed his B.Sc from their college. Then he joined Aeronautical Engineering at Madras Institute of Technology. In 1958, A.P.J. Abdul Kalam joined the directorate of Technical Development and Production in Minister of Defense. He got fame and name will S.L.V.-3 project at the Indian Space and Research Organization. He had a strong determination to make India a strong and rich nation. Kalam himself has noted four mile stones in his career. The year at ISRO. When Agni missile met its mission requirements in 1994. The nuclear tests which made feel proud as arm Indian and when he made light weight calipers for children at the orthopedic centre at the Nizam Institute of Medical Science in Hyderabad. The man who led the nuclear weaponization programmed and believed only strength respects strength. He is now popularly known as Indian’s Missile Man’ a technology.
Dr. Kalam was awarded Padam Bhushan in 1931 and in 1990 he was honored with Padam Vibhushan. The highest civilian honor of Bharat Ratnas was conferred on him in 1994. He has been elected as the President of Indian Republic and is known for his simplicity and beginners. He is strict vegetarian, teetotaler and is a bachelor. He hexes full authority to quite for Kuran and the Bhagwad Gita. He wants India to become a leading developed nation in the years to come.
President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
The 12th President of India. Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, was born on October 15, 1931 at Dhanushkothi in the temple town Rameshwaram in Tamil Nadu.
He was born in the poor family of a boat maker. But he was an exceptionally brilliant child. He became the first graduate in the large family when he passed the B.Sc. examination from Saint Joseph College, Thiruchirapalli.
The Madras Institute of technology had newly been established in those days. He joined it and thus his whole course of life was changed.
He was not interested in going abroad. He wanted to serve his motherland first. As such before becoming President of India. He went abroad only once. That was his visit to NASA in the USA. He says that he thinks his first and foremost duty is to serve his motherland.
His further knowledge in the field got upgraded when he joined Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1963. Today, he is known as the Missile Man of India. The various Indian Missiles of world order like Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Agni, etc. are mainly the result of his efforts and caliber.
He is mainly interested in work. He is a bachelor. He is fond of music and the Koran and the gait. He is a great lover of people, children in particular. Ever since becoming the head of the Indian State. He has been having interaction with children all over the country. May he live long!
Essay No. 03
Missile Man of Indian Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
`Dreams float on an impatient wind,
A wind that wants to create a new order.
An order of strength and thundering of fire.’
— Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
It was quite a long journey from remote Rameshwaram Island in Tamil Nadu to New Delhi’s imposing Rashtrapati Bhawan. For the President, Dr. Abdul Kalam. Dr. Kalam was born in simple tamil family on 15th october, 1931. His father name was Jainulabdeen, and his mother name was Aasyama. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam studied at Schwartz High School in Ramanathapuram, where he was fortunate to study under some inspiring teachers that he remembers to this day with gratitude. He completed his B.Sc. degree at St Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli. It was here when his interest in engineering soared and he enrolled for a course in Aeronautical Engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology from 1954 to 1957. Then he joined Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) as a trainee in 1958.
Later Kalam joined Directorate of Technical Development and Production (DTD&P) as Senior Scientific Assistant. Then he was transferred to the Aircraft and Armament Testing Unit (A&ATU) at Kanpur to get shop-floor exposure to aircraft maintenance. Three years later, the Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE) was set up in Bangalore and he was posted there.
At ADE, Kalam worked as a senior scientific assistant, heading a small team. His team developed a prototype hovercraft. Despite the then, Defence Minister V K Krishna Menon’s interest in the project, it remained incomplete. In 1962, he joined Indian Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), a fledgling Indian space institute, which would later be renamed as Indian Space
Research Organisation (ISRO). Soon he was given posting at newly established Thumba Equatorial Earth Launching Station (TERLS) in the vicinity of Thiruvananthapuram. Here Kalam initiated Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP) activities, then, after a stint with the aerodynamics and design group, he joined the satellite launch vehicle team at Thumba, near Trivandrum and soon became Project Director for SLV-3. During the tenure, the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) started developing its own indigenous surface-to-air missile, project to which Kalam was shifted in 1975, as a rocket specialist to assess the progress made in aerodynamics, structure, design and propulsion of the missile. Three goals are set for the SLV project, firstly development and flight qualification of all subsystems through sounding rockets by 1975, secondly sub-orbital flights by 1976 and finally orbital flight in 1978. After years of dedicated effort by Dr. Kalam and his team, the first 23-metre, 17-ton, 4 stage SLV was ready for launch, but it failed.
The team undeterred by the failure went ahead, and on July 18, 1980, India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle, SLV-3, successfully lifted off from SHAR. Amidst widespread acclaim, the team set itself new goals, including development of Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicles (ASLVs). The year 1981 saw the launch of the next SLV-3, SLV-D. With the launch of SLV-3 India became the fifth country to achieve satellite launch capability.
In February 1982, Dr. Kalam was appointed as Director, DRDL. Kalam was entrusted with the development of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), India’s most successful military research programme. The programme comprises five major projects for establishing missile re-entry technology. These five projects scheduled for completion in 10 years comprises development of Prithvi, Trishul, Agni, Nag and Akash
On September 16, 1985, the first phase of the Missile Programme was conducted, when Trishul blasted off from the test range at Sriharikota. An even greater one, the successful testing of Agni in 1989, followed this achievement. He was later honoured by pad Vibhushan in 1990, the year that also saw the successful test firing of Akash. The establishment of the Research Centre inla (RCI), a campus 8 km from DRDL, in 1988 was perhaps the rrinra,t, satisfying achievement for Kalam during the missile years.
The Missile Council declared 1991, the year of Initiative for DRDL. In recognition for his great contribution to Indian Defence he was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1997. Soon after the nude: tests of 1998, Kalam was nominated Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India with the rank of a Union Cabinet Minister in November 1999, a position he held till November 2001 On December 8, 2000, the Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission, Shri K.C. Pant conferred the ‘Lifetime Contribution Award. Since then he has been teaching at the Anna University. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam took oath as President of India on July, 25 2002. Nowadays he is Fellow of Indian National Academy of Engineering, Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, Vice-President of Astronautical Society of India, Fellow of National Academy of Medical Sciences (India), Honorary Fellow of Institution of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineers and an !SRO Distinguished Professor.
He wrote three books very famous books, Ignited Minds, Wings of Fire and India 2020 a vision of the New Millennium. The Wings of Fire is an autobiography of Kalam wherein he describes the story of his rise from obscurity and his personal and professional struggles. Dr. Kalam has spent the past few years developing the concept of India 2020: a Vision of the New Millennium – a blueprint for transforming India into a developed, nation by the year 2020. He calls it ‘the second vision of the nation.n and says he wants to focus on the children of India to create their minds a love for science and the nation’s mission- a developed India. What remains to be seen is whether Kalam, who has my to to keep a perfect balance between the limelight and shadosu; remaining backstage through his stints as scientist until todtasYie_nis now represent India the wining smile and halo of genius that e to hover over him.
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There is no denying fact that improvements in science and technology are possible by the invention of scientists.I tend to believe that the new inventions in science and technology have changed our life as well as get more developments in agriculture, science and industry Sector. So for all these developments credits goes to a great scientist of our country.So their inventions prove to be a boon for us.A.P.J Abdul Kalam was a great scientist.Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931, into a Muslim family, He was born on the island of Dhanushkodi off the southeastern coast of India.A.PJ Abdul firstly developed an interest and obsession By watching birds with flights. This first obsession that arose in his mind further developed an interest in aeronautics. Then after some time, he noticed a newspaper article which is based on British Fighter Plane.
Apart from that, A.P.J Abdul Kalam was a brilliant and bright student. He has a lot of interest in Mathematics and Science. Firstly he admitted St Joseph’s College, and awarded and earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology.A.P.J Abdul Kalam performed duty and be employed as president of India from 2002 to 2007. A.PJ Abdul Kalam is the very diligent person and believes in toil. He is great Indian Scientist and politician.
Besides, A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born in 1931 in Dhanushkodi, in India.A.P.J Abdul Kalam had completed his graduation from Madras Institute of Technology.A.P.J Abdul Kalam joined India’s defence department after completed his graduation. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was the leading character and main figure who made a lot of developments of country’s nuclear capabilities. He received the great welcome, saluted hailed as a National Hero after a series of successful tests in 1988.A.PJ Abdul Kalam performed his duty as Indian President for one term only. He has died on 27 July 2015 due to the heart attack.
Furthermore, When he lost out opportunity on a spot with the Indian Air Force, at the same time his hopes of becoming a fighter pilot was dashed. He did not join the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a senior scientific assistant in 1958.But he was very hard worker personality After that the newly formed and organized Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969, A.P.J Abdul Kalam was eminent as the project director of the SLV-III, He was the leading character who designed and produced the first launch satellite on Indian Soil. After that, he joined the DRDO as the post of director in 1982.
A.P.J Abdul Kalam continued to perform his hard labour and implemented the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He appointed as the senior scientific advisor in 1992 in India’s Defense Minister. At the same time his new target to organize a campaign for the development of nuclear tests.A.P.J Abdul Kalam was awarded as the national hero for the defence of country security, he was a central figure in the May 1998 Pokhran-II tests, at that time he detonated and exploded five nuclear devices in Rajasthan Desert,
A.P.J Abdul Kalam won an election against Lakshmi Sehgal and become India’s 11 President in 2002. India’s Ruling National Democratic Alliance helped A.P.J Abdul Kalam to win the election. Due to his great popularity, he was nominated by MTV for a youth icon of the award in the year 2003 and 2006.
He left the office in 2007 and worked as visiting the professor at several universities. For the compassionate society, he started the movement “What Can I Give Movement” in 2011.In 2012, he worked to improve healthcare and provide medical personnel in remote areas.
On July 27, 2015, Kalam suffered a massive heart attack and died at the age of 83. He died when he was giving the lecture at the Indian Institute of Management.In honour of A.P.J Abdul Kalam as the scientist and former President, the southeast state government of Tamil Nadu created “Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Award” which recognizes the brilliant students who attempt to promote the sciences, students, and humanities.
So in conclusions, new inventions make our life easier. Changes in transportation system have brought comforts in our life. With aircraft inventions, we can reach to other places quickly.Air Conditioner invention is the real boon for the people as it prevents the people from the blistering heat.Private Transportation, trains and more inventions in science and technology are done by the scientists for the betterment of the country.So everyone should appreciate and thankful to the great scientist for their unforgettable inventions.
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